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Full text of "History And Human Relation"

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all of us in fighting mood, we see only the sins of the
enemy and fail to reflect on those predicaments and
dilemmas which so often develop and which underlie
the great conflicts between masses of human beings.
While there is battle and hatred men have eyes for nothing
save the fact that the enemy is the cause of all the troubles;
but long, long afterwards, when all passion has been
spent, the historian often sees that it was a conflict
between one half-right that was perhaps too wilful, ancl
another half-right that was perhaps too proud; and
behind even this he discerns that it was a terrible prg-
dicament, which had the effect of putting men so at
cross-purposes with one another. This predicament
is the thing which it is the purpose of this paper to
examine; and first of all I propose to try to show how
the historian comes to discover its existence.

If we consider the history of the historical writing
that has been issued, generation after generation, on a
given body of events, we shall generally find that in the
early stages of this process of reconstruction the narrative
which is produced has a primitive and simple shape.
As one generation of students succeeds another, however,
each developing the historiography of this particular
subject, the narrative passes through certain typical
stages until it is brought to a high and subtle form of
organisation.   It would be difficult to give names to
these  successive  stages  in  the  development  of the
historiography of a given theme, but there is an early
period in the writing-up of a subject, particularly when
the subject itself is one form or another of human con-
flict, which seems to me to belong to the class of literature